Air TravelSchiphol Airport

Amsterdam Schiphol Airport Layover Guide

Amsterdam Schiphol (AMS) is a major international airport hub which handles many transfer passengers. If you have a layover at Schiphol airport then our guide below will help you make the most of your time – either at the airport or if heading into Amsterdam city itself.

What you can do during your Amsterdam Schiphol layover depends on a number of factors:

Time available between your flights – You need at least 4 hours transit time to comfortably reach the city. 4 hours may be a bit of a rush, whilst 6-7 hours would hopefully allow a more stress-free visit.

amsterdam schiphol airport gates
D gates at Amsterdam Schiphol airport

Time to get through the airport – Schiphol has 5 runways – if you land on the one furthest away (the Polderbaan) it could take 10-15 minutes taxi time to reach your gate. You then need to walk from the gate to passport control and the luggage/customs area – this process can take 5-20 minutes, depending on gate location and immigration queues. Obviously if you have checked luggage to pick-up this will slow you down a few more minutes.

As most of the transfer passengers will be flying KLM or Skyteam partners, there are transfer desks and self-service KLM transfer kiosks in each main pier where you can get info and/or check-in for your next flight.

klm transfer desk at amsterdam schiphol
KLM self-service transfer kiosks

Luggage – For layovers it is optimal to have your luggage already checked through to your next destination. Allow extra time if you need to collect, store and re-check bags.

The Schiphol Baggage Storage points around the airport charge €6-12 for 24 hours to store luggage. Payment can be made only by debit or credit card.

Passport control – You will need to go through a passport control if arriving from outside the European “Schengen area” or when departing to a country outside Schengen (such as UK or US). Obviously transit passengers from certain countries who wish to make a quick trip to Amsterdam will still need a suitable Schengen visa to enter the Netherlands.

For the very latest official guidelines and ‘health’ requirements for visitors to the Netherlands please refer to the Dutch government portal here and Schiphol’s page here

Schiphol airport has installed a number of automatic self-service passport eGates. Currently they can only be used by those over 16 with an EU passport that contains a microchip.

Time of day – An ideal layover would be arriving on a sunny(!) morning, having a day in Amsterdam then departing in the evening. Some layovers are overnight and you may require a hotel stay.

Security – There could be some queues at security, especially during peak hours. If travelling to the US expect more thorough security controls.

Time of year – Summer is the best time to visit as the days are long and the weather should be at its best although be prepared for rain! If you come in the winter months the days are short (dark by 5pm) and it can be very cold and windy – so ensure you have some warm clothing.

Schiphol layover less than 4 hours: stay at the airport

There is not really enough time to consider a trip into the city. You will have to entertain yourself at the airport. Amsterdam Schiphol happens to be an excellent airport with many things to do.

Remember that Schiphol is effectively partitioned into 3 zones:

[1] the public area outside which includes the Schiphol Plaza shopping mall.

[2] the Schengen terminal area for European departures/arrivals.

[3] the non-Schengen terminal area for departures/arrivals outside the European Schengen area. You need to go through Dutch passport control to move in/out of the non-Schengen terminal.

Things to do at Amsterdam Schiphol during transit

• Lounge about on the easy chairs, many of which are located in the terminal’s upper level.

• Browse the web – free WiFi is available throughout the airport – under the “Airport_Free_Wifi” network. Do be aware that Schiphol employs WiFi and Bluetooth tracking of devices.

• Relax at the Schiphol Airport Library which has a selection of books to browse while you wait for your flight. The library collection has some 500 titles translated from Dutch authors and also includes children’s books and coffee table style books on art, design, architecture, history and Amsterdam. The library is open 24 hours and can be found on Holland Boulevard in the non-Schengen departures area.

amsterdam schiphol airport library
Amsterdam Schiphol airport library

• Take a shower at either the Mercure hotel (€19.50) or YOTELAir (€17.50).

• Head up to the panorama terrace (public side, departures 1) to look at the planes.

• Visit one of the Schiphol airport lounges if you have access.

• Have some quiet time at the Meditation centre on the upper level of Lounge 2. A church service is held there on Sundays at 1100.

• Get a massage or a spa treatment at Xpress Spa – open 0700-1400 at 3 locations around the airport. There are also Massage-O-Matic self-service massage chairs around the airport.

xpress spa amsterdam schiphol airport
Xpress Spa Amsterdam Schiphol airport

• Get your hair styled at En Vogue Hair Salon – open 0900-1700 at Schiphol Plaza (public side).

• Work out at the Sheraton Hotel Fitness & Spa (€35 day pass), on the public side close to Schiphol Plaza/station hall.

• Have a look at the small NEMO Science Museum interactive exhibition. Located between Lounges 2 and 3 (past security), it is open 24 hours per day with free entry for passengers. Also nearby is the Rijksmuseum Schiphol which features 17th century paintings from Dutch Masters.

• There are a number of shops at Schiphol – the See Buy Fly are on departures terminal side while the Schiphol Plaza mall on the public side includes a supermarket and various chain stores.

• There are over 40 places to eat and drink at the airport! On the terminal side, places of note include: Murphy’s Irish Pub (D pier), Grand Café Het Paleis, Dutch Kitchen, Bar & Cocktails (try a raw herring), Bubbles Seafood & Wine Bar, Harvest Market and the Park Café which has an outside patio.

The public side includes a La Place Restaurant, La Place Express, HEMA food (Dutch smoked sausage) and TOKO To Go (Indonesian).

• Meeting rooms (public side) are available at the Regus Schiphol Airport Meeting Centre or at the nearby The Office Operators (TOO).

• The airport has plenty of ATM machines to get out some euros and various bureau de change counters.

Check out our Schiphol airport guide with more details.

Overnight at Schiphol

If you have an overnight transfer then you will need to consider staying at one of the Schiphol Airport hotels

Aside from the Mercure and YotelAIR which are airside, there are 3 hotels located a short walk from the airport terminal. The budget CitizenM design hotel has small capsule-style rooms. The Sheraton is a very comfortable but more expensive option with spacious rooms and an atrium bar. Finally the Hilton is within walking distance and has modern rooms. Book a Schiphol hotel here.

It may be possible to “sleep” at the airport inside the terminal on one of the comfy chairs if you happen to be departures side. Finding a spot on the Schiphol Plaza public area is more difficult as you may be checked there by security and moved on early in the morning.

yotelairIf you want to remain in the terminal during your layover you could consider taking a pod-like room at the YOTELAIR which is in the airside Lounge 2 terminal (non-Schengen departures). It has standard pods for single travellers, premium queens for 2 and family cabins (22m²) which can sleep 2 adults + 2 children. The minimum stay is 4 hours, hand-baggage only. Book the YOTELAir here at booking.com

Schiphol layover greater than 4 hours: visit the city?

A transit time of over 4 hours should give you enough time to visit the city by train. For a comfortable visit our recommendation would be to have 6-7 hours transit.

There is an Iamsterdam Visitor Centre at both Schiphol Arrivals 2 (public side) and at Amsterdam Central station.

iamsterdam visitor centre amsterdam schiphol airport
Iamsterdam Visitor Centre Amsterdam Schiphol airport

Schiphol airport lies some 17km (11 miles) south-west of Amsterdam and there is a frequent train service to Amsterdam Central station which takes 15-20 minutes. Read our detailed transport guide: How to get to Amsterdam from Schiphol

You need to buy a day return ticket which costs €10.40 (2022 price) including the €1 surcharge for a disposable ticket. You could also buy a 1 day Amsterdam Travel Ticket (€17) which is valid for the train trip and gives unlimited city public transport.

The OV-chip smart card system is used on Dutch railways so you need to check-in and check-out of your journey. At Schiphol the OV-chip card readers are in the station hall just before you go down to the platforms. At Amsterdam Central the card readers are at the gate barriers near the station exits.

Do make sure you get on the correct train at Schiphol by checking the overhead platform boards (destination Amsterdam Centraal, the train may also stop at Amsterdam Sloterdijk and Amsterdam Lelylaan).

amsterdam central station
Amsterdam Central station

There is a different train line going to Amsterdam Zuid station which has a metro station that connects to central Amsterdam. You would need an Amsterdam Travel Ticket or a separate metro ticket for connecting onto the metro.

As you arrive at Amsterdam Central station the city centre is located on your right side (facing forward). From the platform head down the stairs to the tunnels which take you to the main exit.

What you do during your time in Amsterdam is up to you and depends if you are a first time visitor.

If this is your first visit to Amsterdam then it is highly recommended that you take a 1 hour canal tour (rondvaart) on a glass-topped boat – there are a number of companies running tours from just outside central station and tours cost between €13-22. Commentary is in multiple languages and you get a unique perspective of the city.

The Iamsterdam City Card (1-5 days) offers free entry and discounts to numerous Amsterdam museums and attractions. It also includes a free GVB public transport pass, a canal cruise and bike rental as well. It costs from €27 per day. Read our full Iamsterdam City Card review here and learn how to maximise the card. Note, it’s not valid on airport train or 397 bus!

You can order the Iamsterdam City Card online here

Museums – You may have enough time to fit a flying visit to one of Amsterdam’s museums. Note, many will require you to make a reservation in advance these days.

Those within about a 15 minute brisk walk from the station include the Anne Frank House, the Amsterdam Museum and the Rembrandt House.

The famous Van Gogh museum and Rijksmuseum are located a little bit further out in the museum quarter (take trams 2 or 12 or allow 30 minutes each way for walking). Try the popular MOCO Museum which features contemporary art such as Banksy.

Another option could be the EYE Film Institute on the north bank of the IJ – exit central station on the waterside and hop on a free GVB ferry to “Buiksloterweg” just across the water. There is also the A’DAM Lookout which has a 20th floor panorama deck.

For a longer free ferry ride (15 mins) head over to NDSM wharf. There you can find STRAAT, the world’s biggest street art and graffiti museum.

STRAAT Museum Amsterdam
STRAAT Museum at NDSM wharf in Amsterdam

For a comprehensive selection of museums, activities and tours in Amsterdam see here

Explore – There are various areas around central station which can be explored on foot. Heading down the (tacky) Damrak strip will get you to Dam Square which has the Royal Palace, the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church), Bijenkorf department store and the Kalverstraat, Amsterdam’s main shopping street.

Head out further west to the Negen Straatjes (9 streets) and Jordaan area with pretty canals and independent shops. Or to the east of Dam/Damrak can be found Zeedijk (Chinatown, good for Asian food), Nieuwmarkt and also the red-light district.

Train back to Schiphol Airport – Head back to Amsterdam Central in good time for your train back to Schiphol Airport. These run up to 10x hourly and usually go from platforms 10, 13, 14 or 15. Trains operate between 0600 and 0030; there is an hourly night train service as well. Be aware that most trains will have a destination beyond Schiphol Airport.

Alternatives to Amsterdam

The town of Hoofddorp is just 5 minutes train ride from Schiphol. Whilst this modern town is nothing special there are good shopping facilities about 15 minutes walk from the station including a large supermarket (Albert Heijn XL) and all the major Dutch chains.

Keukenhof is the flower garden park open only in springtime (late March to late May) located near the town of Lisse, about 35 minutes by Connexxion bus 858 from Schiphol.

Leiden is a historic city about 16 minutes train ride west of Schiphol.

This article was originally published in 2013 and has continuously been updated. Last update 14 January 2022.

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